## SUNSHINE MATHEMATICS This Sunshine Math program for young students draws upon the latest thinking about mathematics, together with relevant research findings and theoretical developments from around the world about how children learn in mathematics. The program uses 76 printed books and 91 e-books and activities.

### The nature of mathematics

As teachers and parents realize, the kind of mathematics students study today is quite different in many ways from the mathematics studied 20 years ago. Today, mathematics is considered to be an ever-developing set of powerful ideas constructed by human minds. The ideas comprise – 1) concepts about number, space, measurement, algebra, geometry, statistics, chance 2) connections among these concepts 3) math processes such as problem-solving, logical reasoning and communication of ideas

Sunshine Math is designed according to this more recent view of mathematics. You will find in the program that students are – introduced to and given many experiences in the important area of number helped to develop ideas about geometry, measurement and simple algebra, statistics and chance (since all these aspects of mathematics are now included in the mathematics curriculum for primary/elementary children in many countries) guided to see how the various concepts and operations are related encouraged to estimate (within a range), use logical reasoning, problem-solve and express their developing ideas In short, the emphasis in the program is on helping students to develop their thinking powers to construct understanding of and facility in the various dimensions of mathematics. This is evident in the area of number where the program will help students develop number sense, that is, an understanding of how numbers work, rather than have them primarily rote memorize rules and facts.

### Students’ learning in mathematics

The ideas of mathematics are abstract – we cannot see them, including number – and they cannot be slotted into students’ minds in the way that we can put a disk of information into a computer. With guidance, students have to reconstruct the ideas for themselves.

This is best done through –
• engaging them in activities that are meaningful and require their active participation